Many people, if queried directly, are unlikely to admit, ” Yes, I wholeheartedly believe that Blacks and weapons are associated with one another.” Yet results from multiple IAT studies seem to suggest otherwise, at the level of implicit associations. Why is there this discrepancy between stated and unstated attitudes?
a/implicit attitudes can’t be measured, whereas explicit attitudes can be reliably stated
b/attitudes can influence us at different levels of conscious awareness
c/verbal reports are more accurate than IAT results
d/by definition, implicit and explicit attitudes are always at odds with one another