Emails us- Call US

Assignment help 5705

The sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) of a muscle fiber stores Ca2+ ions at a concentration of 21 mM, while the concentration of Ca2+ in the cytoplasm is 1 mM. Body temperature isT = 37 oC.

A.) What is the potential gradient across the SR membrane caused by Ca2+ ions?

B.) The calcium pumps of the SR membrane are called sarcoplasmic reticulum ATPases (SERCA). How much work is done by them while they pump 200 nmol of Ca2+ from the cytoplasm into the SR?

Definition of work:

G = H – TS = U + PV – TS

dG = ?q + ?w + PdV + VdP – SdT – TdS

If it’s possible to do more than expansion work, then: ?w = ?wother + ?wexpansion

dG=TdS+?wother -PdV+PdV+VdP-SdT-TdS=?wother +VdP-SdT

Recall that ?i = ?G?ni

Under constant temperature and pressure conditions: dG = ?wother = nid?i?wother may be electrical work.

Note that below i and f indicate initial and final states respectively.

?i = ??i + RTln([i]) + zF?i

welectrical = nion(?f – ?i) = nion(RTln[f] + zF(?f – ?i))[i]


15% off for this assignment.

Our Prices Start at $11.99. As Our First Client, Use Coupon Code GET15 to claim 15% Discount This Month!!

Why US?

100% Confidentiality

Information about customers is confidential and never disclosed to third parties.

Timely Delivery

No missed deadlines – 97% of assignments are completed in time.

Original Writing

We complete all papers from scratch. You can get a plagiarism report.

Money Back

If you are convinced that our writer has not followed your requirements, feel free to ask for a refund.